› Notes on the Form Within

Superego as Psychological Representation Resulting from Fundamental, Interpersonal Nurturing Rather than Oppressor
“The ‘superego’ is therefore a process during which society, in the role of a caretaking person, tries to meet and help satisfy drive-induced needs, not to suppress them. This is contrary to the ordinary interpretation given today which holds that the ‘superego’ acts to suppress the ‘id.'” -Page 243

Reality Testing as Core Process: Memory-Motive Structure

“Reality Testing: an input is sensed by a person. The input becomes unconsciously-that is, automatically-processed in our memory-motive structure. A comparison between the results of the memory-motive processing and that input is then made consciously before action is undertaken. This “double loop of attention,” as Freud called it, is necessary because action undertaken without such double-checking is apt to be faulty.” -Page 243

Perhaps being able to maintain this loop for maximal efficiency is cultivated by a balance of confronting danger while successfully embracing a relationship of love and safety with society (the other: the part of nature that appears beyond the bounds of a given individual of nature). This excerpt from the Tao Te Ching seems relevant to holding these vital processes of Motivation and Reality Testing in some balance (although there is a role for argumentation and confrontation is not to simply be avoided entirely, but systematically minimized by practicing Rule of Law and science):

“Those who are superior do not argue, those who are
inferior love to argue.
The highest virtue is not virtuous, the lowest virtue
clings to virtue.
Clinging to it is not called the virtue of the Tao.
The reason people do not attain the virtue of the Tao,
Is because they have wild minds, their spirits are disturbed.
Their spirits being disturbed, they cling to the myriad things.
Clinging to the myriad things, they develop cravings.
In developing cravings, they become anxious.

Full of anxiety and wild thoughts, they distress their
bodies and minds,
And encounter ruin and disgrace, drifting through life
and death,
Eternally drowning in the sea of bitterness, forever
astray from the perfect Tao.
The perfect and eternal Tao is naturally attained by those who awaken to it.
To awaken to the Tao, be constantly clear and still.”

The author is recounting Freud’s ideas and expanding on them, it will take a closer reading to see where the thoughts of one ends and another begins. In any case, these are two points that took my attention as primary to the overall model being discussed. Further analysis to follow…